Gottschalk of Orbais (also spelled Godescalc) was a medieval monk who taught that God’s predestination is twofold. Gottschalk believed that before ages the Creator predestined some men to salvation and others to hell. Reaction of his former abbot Rabanus Maurus and his metropolitan Hincmar of Reims started the 9th century predestination controversy, which was made even more acute by the intervention of John Scot Erigena. Though many defended Gottschalk’s thoroughly Augustinian theology (among others Lupus of Ferrières, Ratramnus of Corbie, Prudentius of Troyes and Florus of Lyons) Gottschalk was imprisoned at the monastery of Hautvilliers where he later died having several times refused to renounce his views.

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